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Quick Lebanon facts


Clientelism

51% of graduates looking for a job are willing to emigrate for job purposes
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

47% of individuals from high income families are prepared to use political connections to find a job
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

45% of individuals from high income families think that they have effective political connections
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

3% of Lebanese youth are satisfied with the way democracy is exercised in Lebanon
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

73% of Lebanese youth consider political connections as an important factor in finding a job
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

5% of Lebanese youth feel that the job market in Lebanon provides equal opportunities for all candidates
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

3% of Lebanese youth have confidence in the Lebanese parliament
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

84% of Lebanese youth perceive social connections as an important factor in their job search
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

25% of Lebanese youth perceive the use of political connections as a legitimate way to find a job
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

34% of Lebanese youth use political connections as a means to find a job
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

55% of Lebanese youth use social connections as a means to find a job
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

21% of students from a middle income family agree that the role of an MP is to provide personal services, as opposed to 8% of those coming from low income families
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

46% of students from private universities are willing to use political connections to find a job
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study

28% of students from private universities perceive that an MP should provide personal services, as opposed to 6% of students from public universities
Source: LCPS and International Alert Study


Decentralization

400 municipalities do not have a single employee
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah

400 municipalities have very weak municipal administration
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah

70% of Lebanese municipalities have less than 4,000 registered inhabitants
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah

48% of municipal revenue in 2008 came from direct fees collected directly by the municipalities
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah

16% of municipal revenue in 2008 came from surtaxes from water, telephone & other sources
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah

36% of municipal revenue in 2008 came from the Independent Municipal Fund
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah

90% of the revenues of small municipalities in 2008 came from the Independent Municipal Fund
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah

83% of total direct fees are constituted of • 3 out of 36 fees collected directly by municipalities
Source: Establishing Regional Administrations for Integrated Development, Policy Brief by Sami Atallah


The Arab Barometer






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